The Sacrifice: How Scientific Experiments Transform Animals and People

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The Sacrifice: How Scientific Experiments Transform Animals and People
Purdue University Press

Book Description

The Sacrifice provides a uniquely detailed account of the sociological context of animal experimentation. The authors provide a rich analysis of complex and changing role of the laboratory animal in the political and scientific culture of the United States and the United Kingdom. By understanding the interplay of the groups, the authors view the experimental controversy as an ongoing and constantly recreated set of social processes, not just a problem of morality.

About the Author(s):

Lynda Birke was Senior Lecturer in Women and Gender Studies at the University of Warwick, U.K. Her PhD is in biology, specialising in animal behaviour, in which she did research for many years. Alongside that, however, she has also specialised in social studies of science, particularly from feminist perspectives, and has written extensively on these themes, including work on science and animals (e.g. Feminism, Science and Animals, Open University Press, 1994). A particular focus of her science studies work has been the animal experimentation controversy, research done partly in collaboration with Mike Michael. She has a particular interest in animal welfare and ethics, and has served on several ethical and welfare committees. Since taking early retirement, she has concentrated on research in animal welfare and human/animal relationships, and is currently an Associate Editor for Society and Animals. Her 1999 book, Feminism and the Biological Body (Edinburgh University Press) was shortlisted for the Medical Sociology prize of the British Sociological Association.

Arnold Arluke, a professor of Sociology and Anthropology at Northeastern University and a senior research fellow at the Tufts Center for Animals and Public Policy, is the co-author of Regarding Animals that won Charles Horton Cooley Book Award, Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction (1997). He is also the associate editor of Society and Animals, and co-editor of Temple University's series in Animals, Culture and History. Since joining the Northeastern faculty, he has developed a reputation for bringing enthusiasm to the classroom and making learning enjoyable and has won the University's outstanding teaching award.

Mike Michael is Professor of Sociology of Science and Technology at Goldsmiths College, University of London. He has a PhD in social psychology, and has written extensively on social psychology and social theory. A main research area remains the public understanding of science and technology, though he has also studied the animal experimentation controversy (with Lynda Birke), the cultural and political context of xenotransplantation, and the role of mundane technologies in the production order and disorder in everyday life. His most recent books are Reconnecting Culture, Technology and Nature (Routledge, 2000) and, with Alan Irwin, Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge (Open University Press, 2003). He has a longstanding interest in the cultural and material role of animals in microsocial interaction, and has been developing a framework that can encompass the parts played by animals (and technologies) in social processes ranging from the production of social identity to the generation of social scientific data.